Interesting things about Istria
TOP IN ISTRIA OR "DID YOU KNOW THAT..."
... Istria is the largest penisula of the Adriatic Sea.
... Istria is the most western located region of Croatia.
... Istria is the closest Mediterranean to Central Europe.
... Istria is located on the 45th-parallel north latitude, the idyllic parallel that says that our peninsula is located exactly halfway of the northern hemisphere, exactly halfway between the equator and the North Pole. The famous 45-parallels that says that in Istria the four seasons most regulary change.
... Istria takes in 2 820 square kilometers.
... Istrias coastline with numerous bays, peninsulas and islands is 537 km long
... the highest mountain in Istria is Učka (1 396m)
... The longest river in Istria is the river Mirna (32 km).
... Istria has a whopping 636 villages and cities and more than 200 000 inhabitants.
... The largest town in Istria is Pula (58.594 inhabitants).
... The smallest city in Istria is Hum. Hum is also the smallest city in the world.
... The most sothern located town in Istria is Premantura.
... The best protected port in Istria is Pula. The Bay is tucked into the mainland for 4 km. In the time of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Pula was not only geographically the most protected, but also military, in dozens of forts this military center was kept safe by 562 cannons.
... The westernmost building of Istria (and thereby Croatia) is a beacon in Savudrija. It is the largest lighthouse in Istria, it is 36 m high and built in 1818.
... The largest nudist center in Istria, as well as in Europe, is the Koversada near Vrsar. In one day it can accommodate up to 12 000 tourists.
... The longest tunnel in Istria is the Tunnel Učka with a length of 5 070 m.
... The largest Istrian viaduct bridges the Lim Fjord. It is is 552 m long and 120 m high.
... The average air temperature in Istria in the coldest month (February) is 6 ° C and warmest average temperature in July is 23 ° C. The annual average is 14 ° C.
... Average sea temperatures in Istria are as follows: 9 ° C coldest and hottest 24 ° C.
... The largest animal in Istria is the Istrian Ox - Boškarin. A domestic animal 180 cm tall, over 1200 kg heavy. (A stone monument in full size is located in Porec in front of the hotel "Parentium").
... From around ten different winds recognized by the local fishermen, we will mention two most typical: the cold and sunny Bora and the warm and rainy Jugo.
Featured - NATURAL PHENOMENA AND NATURE PARKS
Brijuni Islands - National Park, an archipelago of 14 small islands.
The Lim Fjord – an unresolved puzzle of nature (fjord, or bay, or canal, and the remain of a prehistoric river) a long narrow bay - 12 km dragged into the land (the average width of 600 m, maximum depth 35m).
The Pazin Pit - A unique natural phenomenon. Through a large crater, below the high cliffs, the Pazinčica stream plunges underground.
Cape Kamenjak - southernmost peninsula on the peninsula of Istria. Long "fingers" surrounded by winds in the Adriatic islands.
Baredine cave – a beautiful karst phenomenon, a treasury of stalagmites and stalactites. In the cave lives an endemic animal – the manfish.
Istrian Spa (Istarske Toplice), ST. STJEPAN - The highest natural stone obelisk (vertical rocky cliff 85 meters high).
Orljak Hill - center of Istria. Located 1200 meters northwest of Pazin, 461m high.
Natural Obelisks – In the Vela Draga there are about ten natural stones like obelisks t up to 30 m in height, they are a result of erosion.
Sand dunes - Istria has the widest range of configuration and composition of the soil. Thus, in the east near Buje and Buzet you can find sand dunes, which residents call "peski" or "piski".
Lake Butoniga - The largest lake in Istria. It is a man-made reservoir. Some time ago the largest lakes on the peninsula was Čepićko lake but it was drained in 1932 by aunderground channel 4.250 m long.
INTERSTING HISTORICAL FACTS
The first mention of Istria and Histrians, dates from the 6th ct. B("Tour of the country," geographer Hecataeus Hegesandrov of Miletus).
The Amphitheater (Ist century ) the popular Arena, is the largest ancient building in Istria, it has elliptic shape and its dimensions are: 132m x 105m, height 32m.
The remains of the largest ancient temple are located in Porec. The Great Temples (Ist century) dimensions are: 30m x 11m.
Patron of Istria is St. Mauro. He is the patron of Porec, and the Diocese of Poreč and Pula.
The Euphranasius Basilica in Porec from the 6th century is on the UNESCO list of world cultural heritage.
The oldest lighthouse in Istria is located on the islan or St.. Nikola. It was built 1403.
The largest and best preserved frescoes from the 15th century are in the St. Mary of the Rocks inBeram and St. Barnabas church in Vižinada
The largest pillar of shame is in the village near Buzet - Salež. The stone pillar with a human face is from 1769 the height is 2 m.
The highest churchtower in Istria is the tower of the church of St.Blaž (which is also the largest in Istria), its height is 60 m.
The only "twin" towers in Istria are located in Medulin.
Motovun is the best preserved medieval town in Istria.
Dvigrad – the largest city ruins. It was abandoned in the 17th century after a plague epidemic. The monument, extends on 16 000 sq m.
The largest Monastery in Istra is located in Sveti Petar u Šumi. It belonged to the Paulines from 1459, although the first mention is fraom 1176th as a Benedictine monastery.
"La Parenzana (Porečian) is a narrow gauge railway from Trieste to Porec, built from 1902 until 1935. It was also called the "wine track". The line is has a total of 604 turns and is located in northwestern Istria. The route has nine tunnels with a total length of 1530 m.
Robert Koch, the famous scientist andinventor of tuberculosis vaccine, has a monument on the island of Brijuni.
Istria has its own leaning tower. It is a bell tower in Završje 22 m tall and bent 40 cm.
The largest kažun (round stone hut) in Istria is in Galižana its height