The Lower Kamenjak is a peninsula 3.400 meters long and 500 - 1.600 meters wide. It is characterized by a very indented coastline with over 30 picturesque coves and surrounded by crystal clear and intact blue sea. There are eleven uninhabited islands located within the archipelago. Due to Kamenjak´s position and a bigger proportion of sea in relation to land, a true Mediterranean climate is the prevailing climate on this cape. Because of its extraordinary natural values, Kamenjak is a protected area since 1996. The Kamenjak´s Flora is especially interesting. It´s documented that 600 plant species grow in this little area! A walk through Kamenjak benefits human health thanks to the presence of a great number of herbs, both aromatic and medicinal. Amongst flower species growing in Kamenjak, the especially numerous ones are orchids that count approximately 30 species. All of the orchids are protected by law, amongst which 13 of them even strictly protected. Orchids in bloom can be seen in spring, all except one - (Spiranthes spiralis) that blooms in fall. Two endemic species grow here - Serapias istriaca Perko and Serapias x pulae Perko, and that means they are only found here and nowhere else in the world.
The Fauna of Kamenjak is also a significant biological indicator of this area´s great importance. Besides of the 50 registered diurnal butterfly species, likewise rich are the Herpetofauna (reptiles and amphibians) and the bird Fauna. We can witness Kamenjak´s undersea world biodiversity the minute we dive in the shoal. Here is a whole world of plants, seaweeds and animals amongst which even strictly protected species: (konjic dugokljunić), (plemenita periska), (prstac), (sredozemna medvjedica) and numerous others. The marine environment of Kamenjak is one of the last Istrian oases of the protected sea grass species named Posidonia oceanica. Also a few hundred of other sea organisms spawn and reproduce in the meadows of Posidonia. The worrying fact is that frequent anchoring in these meadows presents a great danger for the survival of this species. On the Fenoliga islet and in the Pinižule cove we can find an interesting geological inheritance - the prints of dinosaur steps.
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